Home' Yarram Standard : January 25th 2017 Contents PAGE 10 - “THE YARRAM STANDARD” Wednesday, January 25, 2017
Thursday, January 19
Steers: L. Riseley, Traralgon South, 3 x $1910;
53rd Mayalda, Bass, 2 x $1660; P. Davis, Won Wron,
4 x $1640; P. & M. Batters, Woodside, 2 x $1630; E.P.
Lloyd P/L, Nerrin Nerrin, 2 x $1630; S.A . & N.M .
McRae, Nambrok, 13 x $1610.
Heifers: L. Riseley, Traralgon South, 2 x $1430;
E.P. Lloyd P/L, Nerrin Nerrin, 17 x $1380; K. Pongratz,
11 x $1360; P. & F. Cartwright, Allambee Reserve, 2 x
$1320; D.K. & H.C . Campbell, Mardan, 15 x $1300;
Katelea Past, Toora, 3 x $1260.
Cows: B. P. & F. Cartwright, Allambee Reserve, 1
x $1590; D. Wilkin, Turtons Creek, 1 x $1410; Vinomi-
andale Pty Ltd, Nerrena, 1 x $1220.
Cows and calves: R. Larmour, Allambee Reserve, 1
x $2500; T.J . & S.G . Cuff, Jumbunna, 9 x $2240; R.L .
Olsen, Poowong East, 6 x $2100; R.J. Harris, Korum-
burra South, 4 x $2040; Roybury Nominees, Kongwak,
1 x $2040; A.L . & S.J. Matthews, Dumbalk, 1 x $1980.
Store sale results
then Grand Champion Jersey. The cow was then
up against the other top cows in their breeds in-
cluding the best Ayeshire, Illawarra, Brown Swiss
Wayne Kuhne travelled to Tatura with his
daughter Ruby and was helped out in preparations
by Zach Redpath and Matt Templeton who led
the winning cow in the parade ring.
Mr Kuhne described the win as “massive” and
an endorsement of the stud for the family and for
everyone who works for Bushlea.
He said he fielded a number of offers both be-
fore and after the exhibition but declined to part
with the cow.
“It certainly gives the business a lift and no
doubt would add more value onto the whole
herd,” he said.
“The Fernleaf cow is the foundation cow in
our stud since it was established in 1945 and the
most well known of our cow family.”
Trophy world: Keith and Wayne Kuhne of Bushlea Jerseys display the honour board and
trophies received for their top Jersey cow.
FACIAL eczema is a type of sunburn
(photosensitisation) affecting exposed
areas of pale skin of sheep and cattle.
It is caused by a poisonous substance called
“sporidesmin”, which is produced on pasture
plants by the fungus Pithomyces chartarum.
In Victoria, the disease has occurred mainly in
East Gippsland between Rosedale and Bairnsdale.
The disease in stock may be seen between
seven and 20 days of pick-up of the toxic spores
from the pasture.
The toxin is absorbed from the intestine and
reaches the liver, where it causes severe damage,
first to the bile ducts and then to the liver cells
All the outward signs of facial eczema result
from the liver damage caused by sporidesmin.
The signs range from mild photosensitisation
to severe jaundice and death, depending on the
amount of sporidesmin consumed.
Sunburn is the most consistent sign, and usu-
ally affects the exposed areas of the skin of the
face, ears, teats, and vulva.
. The disease is most common from February
The fungus needs warm, moist conditions for
growth and. may reach dangerous levels on pas-
ture following humid periods of
72 hours or more during which the temperature
at ground level does not fall below 15 degrees.
Moisture from light rainfall or recent irriga-
tion must also be present at ground level. At least
two “danger” periods up to two or three weeks
apart are required for the fungus to grow enough
to cause disease.
Given suitable temperature and moisture con-
ditions, the fungus grows in “clusters” on the
paddock, rather like mushrooms, but is normally
not visible to the naked eye.
The fungus will grow on most pasture plants,
but it grows best on perennial ryegrass. It grows
in the dead pasture litter at the base of the plants;
most toxic spores are found in the bottom 25 mm
of the pasture.
When the fungus reaches toxic levels, animals
grazing short pasture at high stocking rates are at
The basis of prevention of facial eczema is
stock management. When a warning is issued, the
following alternatives are available , all of which
will help to minimise the intake. of toxic pasture.
Shift stock to the longest pasture possible, and
try to avoid very close grazing.
Avoid paddocks cut for hay or late-topped.
These are likely to be more toxic because of
greater quantities of pasture litter.
In general, paddocks sheltered by windbreaks or
hills are more dangerous and should be avoided.
Feed hay or other supplements to preserve
ground feed and minimise close grazing of pasture.
Summer-growing crops are generally safer than
pastures, and stock should be given as much access
to these as possible where they are available.
If facial eczema is suspected in sheep or cattle,
a veterinary practitioner should be called.
Affected animals should be sheltered from di-
rect sunlight if possible. In dairy herds, affected
cows should be dried off and shifted to low-risk
pasture to ensure recovery and satisfactory future
Facial eczema in
sheep and cattle
SERRATED tussock is a declared nox-
ious weed, which has detrimental impacts
on the environment and agriculture.
A perennial grass and a prolific seeder (mature
plants can produce up to 100,000 seeds), serrated
tussock can grow up to approximately 60cm in
height and will grow in many climatic condition
In some parts of Victoria, large areas of ser-
rated tussock seed heads are common sight during
the warmer parts of the year.
This season is shaping up to be one of the
The serrated tussock plant produces seed heads
that break off at the base and are well adapted to
spreading by wind.
With each plant having the potential to pro-
duce up to 100,000 seeds, with large infestations
can easily produce masses of seed heads.
While wind spread seeds are often contained
to with half a kilometre of the plant they came
from, wind can also carry the seeds up to 20 km
However, there are ways in which the seeds
of serrated tussock and other noxious weeds can
spread further. It is a bumper season and many
paddocks are being cut for hay.
There is the potential for large quantities of
serrated tussock seeds to be spread in fodder.
Vehicles, machinery and animals can also
collect seeds and transport them to non-infested
areas. Flowing water, such as creeks, water chan-
nels and floods can move seed downstream and
spread an infestation of serrated tussock.
Precautions to help prevent weed spread can
include sourcing fodder from a weed free proper-
ties, vehicle and machinery hygiene, and quaran-
Preventing the spread of serrated tussock is a
lot easier than control.
For more practical information on prevention
of serrated tussock spread, please view our newly
produced Serrated Tussock Pathways of Spread
Brochure at our website: http://www.serratedtus-
Hay, where did
they come from
Top Aussie cow
ON the eve of Australia Day, Bushlea
Jerseys of Leongatha and Koonwarra
have taken out the prize of best cow in
The jersey cow, Bushlea Van Fernleaf 10,
owned and bred by Keith and Pat Kuhne and
Wayne and Lisa Kuhne was judged the best at last
week’s International Dairy Week at Tatura, taking
out the Supreme Champion Dairy Cow.
It is the first time a Gippsland bred cow has
won the top prize in what is recognised as the big-
gest cow exhibition in Australasia and probably
in the top six exhibitions in the world.
The cow is a four year old but was having its
first outing in the show ring. It won many awards
along the way taking out the senior four years and
over class, then the Senior Champion Jersey, and
What a cow: Keith and Wayne Kuhne of
Bushlea Jerseys and the best Aussie cow,
Bushlea Van Fernleaf 10, back home at the
dairy on the weekend.
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